Ancient Greek hairstyles altered as ancient Greece changed, reflecting the preoccupations and goals of its citizens. Hairstyles represented something about the user’s age, taste and city of origin, however not much about his or her social class (except for slaves, whose hair was generally short). In their personal lives, Athenians were, according to Demosthenes, “severe and basic,” with no terrific distinction in between how the highest and the lowest citizens dressed, lived or ate. In Sparta, men and women typically set about naked, or with their chitons (curtaining white garments) opened at the sides; the word “Spartan” indicates an indifference to high-end, which was widespread in ancient Greece.
The Grecian perfect of charm was the very same for guys as for females: youth, in-depth muscles, and naturally colored cheeks. In ancient art, men and women are drawn almost exactly the same, except for their chests (when exposed). Compounds like olive oil and honey were used by numerous Greeks to improve their skin’s look, while men spent much of their time in the gymnasium, where they would exercise, wrestle, and reverse with other guys in the naked.
Blond hair was considered attractive, and both males and females bleached their hair with potash water, along with drying it in the sun to accomplish a blonder result.
Makeup was used, though frowned upon by some as pretentious; numerous females used white lead to lighten their faces, and perhaps red pigment for blush and charcoal as eyeshadow. The hetaerae, ancient Greek equivalent to the geisha or courtesan, sometimes used makeup.
This androgyny led to some harmony in hairstyle. Males and female wore their hair in long curls; it’s unclear whether their hair was naturally curly, or if they curled it with tongs or comparable carries out. In a well-known passage from Homer, Athena makes Odysseus’s hair flow down from his head in “hyacinthine curls.” We might for that reason deduce that these curls were natural, a minimum of for some of the native population.
Women’s position in ancient Greece was shockingly low. Married women were separated in their homes, not even enabled to socialize with other females, not to mention other males. This might discuss the relative indifference to luxury in ancient Greek society.
Ladies wore their hair long and in curls, in some cases plaited, often with hairs curtained over the shoulders. Unlike today where women wear layered bob hairstyles or short haircuts, women during that time period stayed away from short hair. After the defeat of Persia in 449 BC, oriental styles grew less popular, and women started pinning their hair in a knot or bun at the nape of the neck, sometimes with a band or a net injury around the head. Headscarfs and diadems were also readily available.
Throughout mourning, females cut their hair short.
Men grew their hair long. A boy cut his hair brief (about chin or jaw-length) when he reached adolescence, and stayed with a brief hairstyle till he became older and more differentiated.
The beard was likewise a mark of difference and potency. Most young men went tidy shaven, which was then an indication of effeminacy. Nevertheless, shaving the upper lip was not unusual. It was only when Alexander the Great purchased his soldiers to be clean shaven that the beard lost some of its grandeur; still, it was a mark of a thinker or a sage.
There were several popular ancient Greek hairstyles, worn by males as well as females: the krobylon was an up-do with hair gathered, tied and pinned over the forehead; the Kepos, a bowl-cut used for youths and slaves; the Theseid was a sort of proto- mullet which was brief in front and long in the back; the Hectorean was combed back into curls.
Garlands and diadems were used by distinguished Greek leaders, consisting of Alexander the Great and popular statesmen. A garland was typically placed on a great male’s head at his funeral.